English Conditional Tenses Made Easy

English Conditional Tenses Made Easy

Published: Nov 28, 2023 | By: Lucas Weaver

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Learning English can be challenging, especially when it comes to understanding complex grammar concepts like conditional tenses. 

However, with the right approach and some practical tips, you can master the English conditional tenses and use them confidently in your conversations and writing. 

In this blog post, we will break down the conditional tenses into easy-to-understand frameworks and provide you with actionable takeaways to make your learning journey smoother. Let's get started!

What are Conditional Tenses?

Conditional tenses are verb forms used to express hypothetical or conditional situations. In English, we use conditional tenses to talk about things that are possible, probable, or unlikely to happen in the present, past, or future. 

There are four main conditional tenses:

Zero Conditional: Used to express general truths, facts, or scientific statements.

First Conditional: Used to express real or possible future situations.

Second Conditional: Used to express unreal or hypothetical present or future situations.

Third Conditional: Used to express unreal or hypothetical past situations.

Now, let's dive deeper into each conditional tense and understand how to use them correctly.

english conditionals definition

Zero Conditional

The zero conditional is used to talk about general truths, facts or situations that are true all the time.

We can make the zero conditional by using the present simple tense in both the if-clause and the main clause.

Making Zero conditional sentences

Here's the structure:

if + present simple, present simple


If it rains, the sidewalk gets wet.

If you heat ice, it melts.

Actionable Tip: To practice zero conditional, try creating your own sentences using general truths or scientific statements. 

Example, "If you mix blue and yellow, you get green." Repetition and practice are key to mastering the zero conditional tense.

First Conditional

The first conditional is used to talk about real or possible future situations. It is formed by using the present simple tense in the if-clause and the future simple (will + base form of the verb) or imperative form in the main clause.

Making First conditional sentences

Here's the structure:

if + present simple, will + base form / imperative form


If it rains, I will take an umbrella.

If you study hard, you will pass the exam.

Actionable Tip: Practice first conditional by making predictions or talking about future plans. 

For example, "If she comes to the party, we will have a great time." This will help you become more comfortable with using the first conditional tense.

conditional tenses in english

Second Conditional

The second conditional is used to talk about hypothetical or unreal present or future situations. It is formed by using the simple past tense in the if-clause and the present conditional (would + base form of the verb) in the main clause.

Making Second conditional sentences

Here's the structure:

if + simple past, would + base form


If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.

If I had more time, I would travel the world.

Actionable Tip: To practice the second conditional, imagine hypothetical scenarios and talk about what you would do in those situations. For example, "If I were rich, I would donate to charity." This will help you develop your ability to express hypothetical situations in English.

Third Conditional

The third conditional is used to talk about hypothetical or unreal past situations. It is formed by using the past perfect tense in the if-clause and the conditional perfect (would have + past participle) in the main clause. 

Making Third conditional sentences

Here's the structure:

if + past perfect, would have + past participle


If I had studied harder, I would have passed the exam.

If she had known, she would have told me.

Actionable Tip: Practice the third conditional by reflecting on past events and talking about what could have happened differently. 

For instance, "If I hadn't missed the train, I would have arrived on time." This will help you express regrets and hypothetical outcomes in the past.

what are the conditionals?

The power of mixing conditionals

Imagine for a moment the art of painting. An artist isn't constrained to just primary colors; the magic is in the mix — the blending of hues to create a masterpiece that captivates the soul.

Now, replace paints with words, and the canvas with the tapestry of English conversation. This is the power of mixing conditionals.

Why is this important?

In the real world, thoughts and scenarios aren't neatly boxed into first, second, or third conditionals. Life is complex, beautifully intricate, and so should be your use of language.

Mastering the mix of conditionals means you're no longer speaking in mere sentences; you're crafting experiences, invoking emotions, and influencing outcomes.

Mixing tenses like the simple past present conditional with the present continuous conditional, the perfect continuous conditional with an unreal past condition, or some other mixed conditional, will open up all kinds of possibilities for you to express yourself in hypothetical situations.

Why you need to learn the conditionals

Learning the conditional tenses in English is crucial for various reasons. Here are a few reasons why mastering the conditionals can greatly benefit your language skills:

Expressing Possibilities

The conditional tenses allow you to express possibilities and hypothetical situations in English. They enable you to speculate, make predictions, and discuss potential outcomes. 

By understanding and using the conditionals correctly, you can effectively communicate your ideas and thoughts about what may or may not happen in different scenarios.

Enhanced Fluency

Incorporating the conditionals into your English conversations can significantly enhance your fluency. 

Being able to use the appropriate conditional tense in real-time conversations showcases your language proficiency and makes your speech more natural and engaging. 

It helps you express your ideas more precisely and expressively, leading to better communication overall.

english conditional tenses

Improved Writing Skills 

Understanding the conditionals opens up new possibilities in your writing. 

Whether you are writing essays, stories, or even professional emails, the conditionals allow you to create more nuanced and engaging narratives. 

They enable you to convey hypothetical situations, explore alternate scenarios, and add depth to your writing by expressing conditions and consequences.

Contextual Understanding 

Learning the conditionals goes beyond just grammar rules. It requires you to develop a deeper understanding of English sentence structures, verb forms, and the relationships between various parts of a sentence. 

This contextual understanding not only helps you use the conditionals correctly but also improves your overall comprehension of English grammar and sentence construction.

Better Reading Comprehension 

As you become familiar with the conditionals, you'll notice that they often appear in written texts, such as news articles, opinion pieces, and narratives. 

By learning the conditionals, you can improve your reading comprehension skills and decipher the intended meaning behind the conditional statements used in the texts. 

This skill will enable you to grasp complex ideas and theories more effectively.

how to use the conditional tenses in english

Fully understanding the conditional tenses

Understanding and using the English conditional tenses can greatly enhance your communication skills. 

Remember to practice each conditional tense in different contexts to become more fluent and confident. 

Start with the zero conditional and gradually move on to the more complex tenses. With consistent practice and exposure, you'll soon be able to use conditional tenses effortlessly in your English conversations and writing.

Maser the conditionals once and for all

Don't let the "ifs", "woulds", or "coulds" of conditionals be the barrier to your brilliance.

I want you to picture two future versions of yourself: one is standing in a group of people at a work event, and everyone around you is speaking English. But you’re quiet. Much quieter than everyone else. You’d like to add to the conversation, but you just don’t feel confident enough to speak as all the other people around you. 

It’s not only the conditionals that hold you back, but various areas of speaking English that make you feel like you’re just not as good at English as those others in the group. 

So you let them continue the conversation and you listen in silence, despite all your great thoughts and ideas. 

As disappointing as al lthat sounds, there’s also another you. A you who feels totally confident when speaking English, and comfortable in almost any situation that comes up. 

You speak your mind when your great thoughts arise, and you add to the conversation in valuable ways that make people glad you’re there.

If right now you feel you’re more of the first version of you than the second, then it’s time for you to jump into one of my English courses. And since you’re reading about the conditionals now, let me propose to you my online English course called “Mastering the English Conditionals.

When you start your course today, you’re not only starting a course, but you’re starting down a path toward English fluency. The type of fluency that will make your whole life easier, less stressful, and overall more fulfilling when speaking English.

Try the course out for free and see what I’m talking about for yourself.

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Lucas Weaver from the Weaver School

Lucas Weaver founded The Weaver School in 2016. He's passionate about using the latest learnings in neuroscience and education to create the best language learning experience possible for our students, so they can quickly build effective language learning habits that will last for years. Lucas is a graduate of Texas A&M University and after 7 years of living in the Netherlands, he is currently traveling through Southeast Asia while learning their languages along the way.

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